TRADISI “MAPPASIKARAWA” DALAM PERNIKAHAN ADAT BUGIS

Dr. Muh. Sudirman

Sari


The article describes the Mappasikarāwa Tradition in the marriage of Bugis adat perspectives on Islamic law. From the results of the study with theological, philosophical, socilogical, anthropogical and juridical approaches, it can be understood that mappasikarāwa is a local knowledge of the Bugis community in marriage. This mappasikarāwa tradition has taken root in the procession of the Bugis marriage so that no marriage escapes the mappasikarāwa activities even though the implementation is different. Taradisi mappasikarāwa, by looking at the purpose and meaning of the tekadung in it generally corresponds to the principles of Islamic law, because; 1) Contain benefits and logics, 2) General applies to the community in a place or at least among the majority of the community, 3) It has been valid for a long time, not a new custom that will emerge later, 4) Not contrary to the syara 'argument or contradictory with the general principles of Islamic sharia. But the thing that needs to be revitalized is the malloangeng tradition shortly after the mappasikarawa tradition, where both partners compete to stand and step on each other. The myth contained in it is "who first stood up and stepped on his partner, then he is the one who has power in his household life going forward". Because this tradition is not in line with the purpose of marriage and the meaning and hope to be achieved at the event malloāngeng (bugis) which means that later this couple will always be united in going through their domestic life in the future.

Teks Lengkap:

PDF (English)

Referensi


Abu Zahrah, Muhammad, Usul Fiqh (Qahirah: Dar al-Fikr al-‘Azaly, t.th)

Aminuddin. Semantik. (Bandung: Sinar Baru, 1988)

Anam, Ahmad Saiful, Peranan Adat/’Urf dalam Pengembangan Hukum Islam, (Pidato

Pengukuhan Guru Besar Bidang Ilmu Fiqih pada Fakultas Syari’ah IAIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya)

Black, James A. dan Dean J. Champion, Metode and Sosial Research, Alih Bahasa E. Koeswara, Metode dan Masalah Penlitian Sosial (Bandung: Rifika Aditama, 1999)

Chaer, Abdul. Pengantar Semantik Bahasa Indonesia. (Jakarta: Rineka Cipta, 1995).

Dahri, Harapandi, Tabot Jejak Cinta Keluarga Nabi di Bengkulu, (Jakarta: Citra, 2009)

Djajasudarma. T, Fatimah. Semantik 2: Pemahaman Ilmu Makna. (Bandung: PT. Refrika Aditama, 1993).

Esten, Mursal. Kajian Transformasi Budaya. (Bandung: Angkasa, 1991)

Fathoni, H. Abdurrahmat. Antropologi Sosial Budaya Suatu Pengantar. (Jakarta: PT. Rineka Cipta, 2006)

Hadikusuma, Hilman. Hukum Perkawinan Adat dengan Adat Istiadat dan Upacara Adatnya. (Bandung: Citra Aditya Bakti, 2003).

Hariwijaya, M. d. Pedoman Penulisan Ilmiah Proposal dan Skripsi . (Yogyakarta: Oryza, 2008)

Ihromi, T. Pokok-pokok Antropologi Kebudayaan. (Jakarta: Yayasan Pustaka Obor Indonesia, 2013).

Jatman, D. D. Sekitar Masalah kebudayaan. (Bandung: Alumni1993).

Kartasapoetra dan Hartini. Kamus Sosiologi dan Kependudukan. (Jakarta: Bumi Aksara, 1992)

Millar, Susan B. Perkawinan Bugis. (Makassar: Penerbit Ininnawa, 2009)

Mutiah, Anisatun, dkk, Harmonisasi Agama dan Budaya di Indonesia Vol 1 (Jakarta: Balai Penelitianan dan Pengembangan Agama Jakarta, 2009)

Mardimin, Johanes, Jangan Tangisi Tradisi, (Yogyakarta: Kanisius,1994)

Millar, Susan B, Perkawinan Bugis. (Makassar: Penerbit Ininnawa. 2009)

Mazkur, Muhammad Salam, al-Qada’ fi al-Islam, diterjemahkan oleh Imron AM dengan judul “Peradilan dalam Islam” (Surabaya: Bina Ilmu, 1979)

Muh. Nazir, Metode Penelitian (Cet. III; Jakarta: Ghalia Indonesia, 1988).

Lamallongeng, A. R. Dinamika Perkawinan Dalam Masyarakat Bugis Bone. (Watampone: Perpustakaan BPA, PDE Kab. Bone, 2007)

Lamallongeng, Dinamika Perkawinan Dalam Masyarakat Bugis Bone. (Watampone: Perpustakaan BPA, PDE Kab. Bone. 2007)

Rendra. Mempertimbangkan Tradisi. (Jakarta: Gramedia1984)

Riyadi, Ahmad Ali, Dekonstruksi Tradisi (Yogyakarta: Ar Ruz, 2007)

Sobur, A. Semiotika Komunikasi. (Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya, 2009).

Soerjono, Soekanto, Sosiologi Suatu Pengantar, (Jakarta: Rajawali Pers, 1990)

Syarifuddin, Amir, Pembaharuan Pemikiran dalam Hukum Islam (Padang: Angkasa Raya, 1993)

Sutrisno dkk, Metodologi Research (Yogyakarta: Yayasan Penerbit Fakultas Psikologi UGM, 2004)

Suracmad, Winarto, PengantaR Penelitian Ilmiah (Bandung: Tarsito, 1990)

Pateda, Mansoer. Analisis Kesalahan. (Flores: Penerbit Nusa Indah, 1989).

____________, Semantik Leksikal. (Jakarta: PT Rineka Cipta, 2001).