PEMIKIRAN KALAM MAULANA MUHAMMAD ALI

Dr. Zainuddin Hamkah

Sari


Muhammad Ali is a rationalist theologian who has been able to display the face of Islamic understanding and thought logically. Maulana was one of the reformers who violently dynamized Muslims through the door of ijtihad. He promoted rational thinking through the Lahadi Ahmadiyya missionary movement in his popular work, The Religion of Islam, so that his religious movements could be accepted in parts of Europe including London. Even with the spirit of rationalization, he dismissed the mythological understanding of the teachings of Islam, synergistic with the occurrence of modernization in Europe which proclaimed demythologization. As a reflection, thoughts on the words of Maulana Muhammad Ali are synergistic with scientific enthusiasm, although at a certain level it is still difficult to break away from apologetics. This is still very reasonable because this study has a theological nuance, especially when it is related to the scope of the kalam study, which is to defend the faith from the attack of non-Muslim thoughts. However, at least we put the pattern of thinking about Maulana as an important part in the effort to dynamize Muslims so that they will not be trapped by myths (Israiliyat).

Maulana Muhammad Ali merupakan sosok teolog rasionalis yang telah mampu menampilkan wajah pemahaman dan pemikiran Islam secara logis. Maulana termasuk salah seorang pembaharu yang dengan keras mendinamisasi umat Islam melalui pintu ijtihad. Ia mensosialisasikan berpikir rasional melalui gerakan dakwah Ahmadiyyah Lahore dalam karyanya yang popular, The Religion of Islam, sehingga gerakan keagamaannya bisa diterima di belahan Eropa di antaranya London. Bahkan dengan semangat rasionalisasi tersebut, ia menepis pemahaman mitologis terhadap ajaran Islam, sinergis dengan terjadinya modernisasi di Eropa yang mencanangkan demitologisasi.Sebagai refleksi, pemikiran kalam Maulana Muhammad Ali sinergis dengan semangat ilmiah, walaupun pada tataran tertentu masih sulit melepaskan diri dari sikap apologetik. Ini masih menjadi sangat wajar karena kajian ini bernuansa teologis, apalagi ketika dihubungkan kepada ruang lingkup kajian kalam, yaitu mempertahankan akidah dari serangan pemikiran-pemikiran non-muslim. Namun, setidaknya kita menempatkan corak pemikitan kalam Maulana sebagai bagian penting dalam upaya mendinamisasi umat Islam agar tidak terjebak dengan mitos-mitos (Israiliyat)


Kata Kunci


Pemikiran Kalam Modern

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